Indian independence of mind and body
The Independence of India from the rule of the British Empire on August 15, 1947 merits celebration on various levels. In particular this revolution involved the people physically in body and in mind, and the genius of Gandhi and other leaders was to recognize that this was a battle of the mind to free the body. Rather than traditional human revolts, mental and passive physical strategies were used to alter the minds of the oppressor and the oppressed.
Tagore focuses serenely on the mind's ability to experience freedom and free knowledge that guides the masses towards the desired goal. His words are well chosen and beautiful and the heaven of freedom of his country is an inspiring vision.
Nehru, in what is considered the Indian Declaration of Independence, regards the British era as an illness of the country cured by freedom. He has a grand vision for the country, but recognizes small steps that must be taken to get to Tagore's heaven of freedom.
Through nonviolent and passive means, the revolution was both inspired and executed with little bloodshed, but much sacrifice. Nehru recognizes this as a unique and finite opportunity and hopes that the country will have the heart and mind to come together as one people.
Indian friends, happy Independence Day!