Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high;Where knowledge is free; Where the world has not been broken up into fragments by domestic walls; Where words come out from the depth of truth; Where tireless striving stretches its arms towards perfection; Where the clear stream of reason has not lost its way into the dreary desert sand of dead habit; Where the mind is led forward by thee into ever-widening thought and action– Into that heaven of freedom, my father, let my country awake.
We end today a period of ill fortune and India discovers herself again. The achievement we celebrate today is but a step, an opening of opportunity, to the greater triumphs and achievements that await us. Are we brave enough and wise enough to grasp this opportunity and accept the challenge of the future?
Indian independence of mind and body
Tagore focuses serenely on the mind's ability to experience freedom and free knowledge that guides the masses towards the desired goal. His words are well chosen and beautiful and the heaven of freedom of his country is an inspiring vision.
Nehru, in what is considered the Indian Declaration of Independence, regards the British era as an illness of the country cured by freedom. He has a grand vision for the country, but recognizes small steps that must be taken to get to Tagore's heaven of freedom.
Through nonviolent and passive means, the revolution was both inspired and executed with little bloodshed, but much sacrifice. Nehru recognizes this as a unique and finite opportunity and hopes that the country will have the heart and mind to come together as one people.